Android 1.6 was released on September 15, 2009. It was earliest version that was released out without knowing that this OS is going to bring a big revolution in mobile world in near future.
In November 2009, Android developers rolled out a major update to the OS just after one and half months of Android birth. This update brought several improvements and stabilities to the OS.
On May 20, 2010, Android's v2.2 came out with some major updates. This version of the OS was named as Froyo!
What is Android?
- A software platform and operating system for mobile devices
- Based on the Linux kernel
- Developed by Google and later the Open Handset Alliance (OHA)
- Allows writing managed code in the Java language
- Unveiling of the Android platform was announced on 5 November 2007 with the founding of OHA
- Google acquired the startup company Android Inc. in 2005 to start the development of the Android Platform. The key players at Android Inc. included Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White.
- In late 2007, a group of industry leaders came together around the Android Platform to form the Open Handset Alliance.
- The Android SDK was first issued as an “early look” release in November 2007.
- In September 2008 T-Mobile announced the availability of the T-Mobile G1, the first smartphone based on the Android Platform.
- A few days after that, Google announced the availability of Android SDK Release Candidate 1.0.
- In October 2008, Google made the source code of the Android Platform available under Apache’s open source license.
Android 1.6 Donut
- Release Date-September 15, 2009
- Support Wide VGA
- Improvement in speed for searching
- Voice and text entry search enhanced to include bookmark history, contacts, and the web
- Release Date- October 26, 2009
- Bluetooth 2.1 support
- Revamped UI, browser
- Improved Google Maps
- Addition of live wallpapers
- Expanded Account sync
- MotionEvent class enhanced to track multi-touch events
- Release Date- May 20, 2010
- Included USB Tethering and Wi-Fi Hotspot
- Adobe flash support
- Support for high-PPI displays (up to 320 ppi)
- Enhancement in speed, memory, and performance
- Support for file upload fields in the Browser application
- Release Date- December 6, 2010
- Updated user interface design
- System-wide copy-paste
- Increased simplicity and speed
- Audio, graphical, and input enhancements for game developers
- More sensors were introduced such as gyroscopes and barometers
- Support for WebM /VP8 video playback , and AAC audio encoding
- Support for NFC(Near Far Communication)
- Support for voice or video chat using Google Talk
- Improved battery efficiency
- Release Date- February 22, 2011
- Hardware acceleration
- Support for multi core processors
- Simplified multitasking
- Optimized tablet support
- Quick access to camera exposure, focus, flash, zoom , front-facing camera, time-lapse, and other camera features
- Ability to encrypt all user data
- Support for HTTP proxy for each connected Wi-Fi access point
- Increased ability of applications to access files on the SD card
- Release Date- October 18, 2011
- Wi-Fi Direct
- 1080p video recording
- Face Unlock
- Ability to shut down applications from the recent apps list with a swipe
- Hardware acceleration of the U
- Separation of widgets in a new tab
- New camera applications enhancing video stabilization and QVGA resolution
- Release Date- July 9,2012
- Bluetooth data transfer for Android Beam
- One-finger gesture to expand/collapse notifications
- Group messaging
- OpenGL ES 3.0 support, allowing for improved game graphics
- Improved camera application
- Added Bluetooth gamepads and joysticks as supported HID (Human interface device)
- 4K resolution support
- Many security enhancements, performance enhancements, and bug fixes
- Release Date- October 31,2013
- Optimizations for performance on devices with lower specifications, including zRAM support and "low RAM" device API
- NFC host card emulation, enabling a device to replace smart cards
- Camera application now loads Google+ Photos instead of Gallery when swiping away from the camera view
- Sensor batching, step detector and counter APIs
- Wearable extensions added
- Wireless printing capability
- Disabled access to battery statistics by third-party applications
- Refreshed Dialer app interface
- Further security enhancements and bug fixes
- Support for 64-bit CPUs
- OpenGL ES 3.1 and Android Extension Pack (AEP) on supported GPU configurations
- Project Volta, for battery life improvements
- Audio input and output through USB devices
- Tap and Go NFC-and-Bluetooth-powered data transfer to transfer all Google Account details, configuration settings, data, and applications on a new Android Lollipop device
- Third-party applications regain the ability to read and modify data located anywhere on external storage, such as on SD cards
- Guest logins and multiple user accounts are available
- Few bugfixes, including resolving issues with video playback and password failures handling
Future of android is beyond imagination. It has opened a new stream of technological advancements. And interestingly, there seems no end to experimenting and evolving new applications and mobile phones using this innovative and dynamic technology. In years to come the usage of this technology is bound to increase because of its flexibility to develop applications of different kinds. There has been an unexpected rise in the demands of Android developers and in future this demand is expected to increase with time. With each year passing, we are expected to have more and more developers joining the pool of talent because as it is an open source platform, the scope to create something new is infinite. It totally depends on the imagination and skills of the developers that what they wish to create out of this amazing technology.Use of mobile phone has been on the rise in the past few years and customers are always demanding some unique, creative, interesting and entertaining applications to meet their varied interests and likes. That’s the reason all the companies are shifting from basic boring phones to much more interesting android based phones which are loaded with functions and applications to make lives easier and entertaining for the users. Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Sony etc. is making constant efforts to bring out something exclusive in the markets to satisfy the large pool of mobile users.. Many companies are working just on developing android based applications. Dynamic and interesting apps are available at cost effective prices. Companies are introducing interactive apps to stay in touch with their customers. From launching and promoting a brand to popularizing an existing brand, everything is being done the android way because the market for Android apps is huge and flexible. If you want a chat application or you wish to have a virtual game or you want a lifestyle application, Android is the common answer for all the needs.
Customers are always eager to look for something different and new and android is the key to generate something unique all the time. If you have an idea, you can surely convert it into an interesting app using this diversified technology. The future of android is bright because it can be used on different avenues to create new things.